That policy faced challenges as Hamas captured a popular majority in Palestinian elections, and influential countries including Saudi Arabia and Egypt maintained authoritarian systems with U. While in the position, she chaired the Millennium Challenge Corporation's board of directors.Rice was born in Birmingham, Alabama, the only child of Angelena (née Ray) Rice, a high school science, music, and oratory teacher, and John Wesley Rice, Jr., a high school guidance counselor and Presbyterian minister.She served as a mid- to upper-level member of the National Security staff during the first Bush presidency, and as National Security Advisor during the second Bush presidency, before succeeding Colin Powell as Secretary of State in 2005.
Following her confirmation as Secretary of State, Rice pioneered the policy of Transformational Diplomacy directed toward expanding the number of responsible democratic governments in the world and especially in the Greater Middle East. She has logged more miles traveling than any other Secretary of State.
Her name, Condoleezza, derives from the music-related term con dolcezza, which in Italian means, "with sweetness".
Rice has roots in the American South going back to the pre-Civil War era, and some of her ancestors worked as sharecroppers for a time after emancipation.
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